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The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied.) Scientific Name Common Name Acca sellowiana(O. Berg) Burret Pineapple guava C. capitata is an important pest in Africa and has spread to almost every other continent to become the single most important pest species in its family. Major host plants of Ceratitis cosyra include mango, guava, sour orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild apricot. flies Ce ratitis capitata and Ceratitis rosa (Diptera: Tephritidae) using Amplified Fragment-Length Polymorphism. Hungry Pests: The Threat - Mediterranean Fruit Fly. Its presence in Hawaii, but not in mainland USA, has contributed to its high international profile as a quarantine pest. Ceratitis capitata Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) is an insect of the order Diptera belonging to the Tephritidae family.It is native to the West Coast of Africa, where it … Ceratitis rosa also closely resembles C. quilicii, a Ceratitis capitata was introduced into Western Australia in 1898 and NSW, Victoria and Queensland around the same time. capitata interaction with a local apple variety with potential as a trap-crop, and finally the study of the possibilities of the combined use of those components for use in the field. USDA. * Putruele MTG (1996) Hosts for Ceratitis capitata and Anastrepha fraterculus in the northeastern province of Entre Ríos, Argentina, pp. males with a black diamond-shaped expansion of the apex of the anterior orbital seta. The essential oils of Thymus capitatus, Thymus herba-barona and Cinnamomum zeylanicum are extremely active, even at low concentrations. Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) (ITIS) ... CAB International. Division of Plant Industry. Universities, states, federal agencies, nongovernmental organizations, nonprofits, and Tribal organizations will carry out selected projects in 49 states, the District of Columbia, Guam, and Puerto Rico. Ceratitis is a genus of tephritid fruit flies with about 80 species. Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Asian giant hornet research and eradication efforts: $944,116 in Washington and other states; Exotic fruit fly survey and detection: $5,575,000 in Florida and California; Agriculture detector dog teams: $4,287,097 to programs in California, Florida, and nationally to support detector dog teams; Honey bee and pollinator health: $1,337,819 to protect honey bees, bumble bees and other important pollinators from harmful pests; Phytophthora ramorum (sudden oak death pathogen) and related species: $513,497 in 14 states and nationally for survey, diagnostics, mitigation, probability modeling, genetic analysis, and outreach; Silva, J.G., M.D. Taxonomy. [Accessed Sep 10, 2014]. Laboratory tests were undertaken to estimate the effects of ingesting essential oils and different monoterpenoids on Ceratitis capitata. The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata(Wiedemann), is one of the world's most destructive fruit pests. Ceratitis capitata is a highly polyphagous species and its pattern of host relationships from region to region appears to relate largely to what fruits are available (CABI 2007). Ceratitis capitatais the most serious pest for citrus and many other fruits in the majority of countries with a warm, Mediterranean, tropical or subtropical climate (EPPO/CABI, 1997). A Manual of the Insects of the Hawaiian Islands, including an Enumeration of the Species and the Notes on their Origin, Distribution, Hosts, Parasites, etc. Subject browse uses CABICODES which are CABI’s own classification codes for broad subjects that would be difficult to describe with keywords alone. Mediterranean Fruit Fly Action Plan (PDF | 556 KB) USDA, APHIS Plant Protection and Quarantine. 2003. Fruit flies attack soft, fleshy fruits of a wide variety of fruit and vegetable crops. Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). It has been recorded on hosts from a wide range of families. * Lanzavecchia SB, cladera JL; Faccio P, Petit Marty N, Vilardi JC, Zandomeni RO (2008) Origin and distribution of Ceratitis capitata mitochondrial DNA haplotypes in Argentina. General information about Ceratitis capitata (CERTCA) Name Language; medfly: English: Mediterranean fruit fly: English: Mittelmeerfruchtfliege The berries, fruit, nuts and vegetables of the listed plant species are now considered host articles for C. capitata. Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services. Adult of Ceratitis capitata The insect Mediterranean Fruit Fly, the Ceratitis capitata or Medfly, is one of the most serious pest of cultivated plants and, especially, fruit production worldwide. The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. Mcpheron, G.J. Steck, and W.S. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) is allocating more than $70 million to support 383 projects under the Plant Protection Act’s Section 7721 program to strengthen the nation’s infrastructure for pest detection and surveillance, identification, threat mitigation, to safeguard the nursery production system and to respond to plant pest emergencies. Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. The males of Ceratitis capitata are easily separated from all other members of the family by the black pointed expansion at the apex of the anterior pair of orbital setae. Native to Africa, has spread to the Mediterranean region, southern Europe and Middle East (Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Yemen), Central America (Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama), South America (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela), Hawaii and parts of Western Australia (PaDIL 2007). Diagnostic BOLD reference data available. It was last recorded in the eastern states around the mid 1900s. Ceratitis capitata is the most serious pest for citrus and many other fruits in the majority of countries with a warm, Mediterranean, tropical or subtropical climate (EPPO ⁄CABI, Pupal views of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). The females can be separated from most other species by the characteristic yellow wing pattern and the apical half of the scutellum being entirely black (White and Elson-Harris 1992). California Department of Food and Agriculture. These include: For a full list of recorded hosts see CABI 2007. USDA. In FY 2021, funded projects include, among others: USDA will use $14 million to rapidly respond to invasive pest emergencies should a pest of high economic consequence be found in the United States. The effects of different essential oils, rich in oxygen-containing monoterpenes, isolated from three aromatic plants largely spread in Algarve (southern Portugal) were observed on Ceratitis capitata adults. An adult Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata The technique is based on placing a high density of traps with an attractant (Ferag CC D TM®, a three-membrane dispensers of trimethylamine, ammonium acetate and diaminoalkane), and a toxicant, aiming to capture the highest numbers of adults in the grove. ), which is a major postharvest insect-pest, poses a great threat to exports from several citrus-exporting countries. Meixner, B.A. In C. capitata, it is black and resembles a diamond apically rather than some other shape (Foote, Blanc and Norrbom 1993). Plant Protection and Quarantine. The past and present distribution of Ceratitis capitata in Australia has been reviewed (Dominiak and Daniels 2012). When it has been detected in Florida, California, and Texas, especially in recent years, each infestation necessitated intensive and massive eradication and detection procedures so that the pest did not become established. 100-102. See what states have a federal quarantine for any of the targeted Hungry Pests, and identify which pests or diseases are at greatest risk due to a suitable habitat. This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. APHIS. CPHST. One of the best known species is Ceratitis capitata, the Mediterranean fruit fly.. Trypeta capitata (Wiedemann, 1824) Tephritis capitata Wiedemann, 1824 : Pardalaspis asparagi Bezzi, 1924 : Ceratitis hispanica Breme, 1842 : Ceratitis citriperda Macleay, 1829 : Ceratitis citripeda Efflatoun, 1924 : Common Name(s): Mediterranean fruit fly [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: valid Data Quality Indicators: St. Lucie Press, Delray Beach, FL. When it has been detected in Florida, California, and Texas, especially in recent years, each infestation necessitated intensive and massive eradication and detection procedures so that the pest did not become established. Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Mediterranean Fruit Fly (Ceratitis capitata) CABI. DdeI and RsaI are fully diagnostic for C. capitata, although most of the others provide additional diagnostic value. JavaScript appears to be disabled, small to medium-sized, brightly coloured flies, scutellum swollen, rounded above, shiny black with a thin sinuate yellow streak near base dorsally, scutum yellowish with numerous black areas in a characteristic pattern, abdomen yellowish with two narrow transverse light-coloured bands, wing relatively broad in comparison with its length, cloudy yellow, with three brown bands on apical two-thirds, all separated from each other, and smaller dark irregular-shaped streaks within the cells in the proximal half. Several species of the subgenus Ceratitis closely resemble C. capitata in the thoracic pattern, the apical expansion of cell cup, the presence of dark markings in the basal half of the wing, and in having the anterior orbital bristle of the male modified in some way. Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY214. National Invasive Species Information Center, Pest Tracker - Survey Status of Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Domestic Quarantine Notices (Title 7: Agriculture, Part 301) - Fruit Flies, State Summaries of Plant Protection Laws and Regulations, YouTube - Florida's Proactive Defense from Exotic Fruit Flies, Plantwise Technical Factsheet - Mediterranean Fruit Fly (, Hungry Pests: The Threat - Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Plant Pest and Disease Program: Insects - Fruit Flies, Priority Plant Pests and Diseases: Mediterranean Fruit Fly, The Mediterranean Fruit Fly (PDF | 135 KB), Mediterranean Fruit Fly Action Plan (PDF | 556 KB), Recent Mediterranean fruit fly (Diptera: Tephritidae) infestations in Florida: a genetic perspective. to the Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) fed on a lab diet. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. In: Insects of Hawaii. 2003), Usually through imported fruit and other crops infested with fruit fly larvae (Silva et al. 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